Prairie House / NatureHumaine

first_img “COPY” Projects Photographs:  Adrien Williams Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Architects: NatureHumaine Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeNatureHumaineOfficeFollowProductsSteelStoneBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentRenovationSaint-LambertCanadaPublished on January 19, 2018Cite: “Prairie House / NatureHumaine” 19 Jan 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesSynthetics / AsphaltMitrexSolar RoofMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalPlumbingSanifloGreywater Pump – Sanifast®SWH190WoodLunawoodInterior ThermowoodMembranesEffisusAVCL Systems for FacadesSinksCosentinoBathroom Collection – Silestone® WashbasinsDoorsStudcoPocket Door Trims – CavKitWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Architectural & FreeformMetal PanelsRHEINZINKPanel Surface Finish – prePATINA-LineHanging LampsEureka LightingSuspended Lights – BloomMetallicsBaileyFacade Systems- I-Line Snap-On Feature ChannelMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Canada ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Manufacturers: Lapitec®, Artemide Area:  240 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Prairie House / NatureHumaine Houses CopyHouses, Renovation•Saint-Lambert, Canadacenter_img ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard “COPY” 2017 Photographs Structural Engineer: Geniex General Contractor:Nicolas DeslauriersIntervention:Complete Transformation & ExtensionCity:Saint-LambertCountry:CanadaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Adrien WilliamsRecommended ProductsWoodBruagBalcony BalustradesWoodParklex International S.L.Wood cladding – FacadeFiber Cements / CementsApavisaTiles – Nanofusion 7.0WindowsKalwall®Facades – Window ReplacementsText description provided by the architects. Following the acquisition of a single-storey house from the 1950s in St-Lambert, the client wished to expand and renovate this “Prairie house” inspired building.Save this picture!© Adrien WilliamsThe existing house is partly demolished and rebuilt by reinterpreting features in a contemporary way such as a low and elongated profile, a overhanging roof and the use of masonry and wood on the facades. The roof is covered with finished steel zinc, while facades are composed with St-Marc limestone and insertions of panels in slats of cedar. The monolithic fireplace stands out as the main element which is a continuation between the internal living spaces and the garden. Save this picture!© Adrien WilliamsResponding to client’s desire to create spacious and bright living spaces, the ground floor layout includes minimally a single bedroom adjoining a study and full bathroom. Conceived with transparency and lightness, the living spaces are surmounted by a 16-foot sloping ceiling at its highest point. In the idea of inducing a visual fluidity, the vestibule is delimited by glass panels contained within white painted steel frames.Save this picture!© Adrien WilliamsProject gallerySee allShow lessZaha Hadid Architects Unveil Mixed-Use Public Square Scheme for Vauxhall Cross Islan…Unbuilt ProjectThe Renovation of Louis Kahn’s Yale University Art Center: A Significant Moment for …Articles Share ArchDaily Prairie House / NatureHumaineSave this projectSavePrairie House / NatureHumaineSave this picture!© Adrien Williams+ 17Curated by Fernanda Castro Share Year: last_img read more

Risbakken Small Town House / Hoem + Folstad Arkitekter

first_imgRisbakken Small Town House / Hoem + Folstad ArkitekterSave this projectSaveRisbakken Small Town House / Hoem + Folstad Arkitekter Save this picture!© Knut Folstad+ 23Curated by Paula Pintos Share Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Photographs:  Knut Folstad Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project CopyHouses, Houses Interiors•Stavanger, Norway Projects “COPY” Architects: Hoem + Folstad Arkitekter Area Area of this architecture project Risbakken Small Town House / Hoem + Folstad Arkitektercenter_img Year:  Photographs 2018 Norway ArchDaily “COPY” Area:  40 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Manufacturers: Dinesen, Meling, Prolicht, Vitra, Made by woodClients:Nina KnudsenCity:StavangerCountry:NorwayMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Knut FolstadRecommended ProductsWoodBruagBalcony BalustradesWoodSculptformTimber Click-on BattensMetallicsTECU®Copper Surface – Classic CoatedDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Sliding Door – Rabel 62 Slim Super ThermalText description provided by the architects. Renovation and extension of 150 years old timber house in the center of Stavanger city. The timber walls were preserved, even though they once had been charred by fire. The burned surface is retained to give character to the interiors. The architect-designed genuine moldings for the house.Save this picture!© Knut FolstadThis was done to reinforce the history of the house as an important part of the decor. Brand new roof construction in solid pine. The kitchen and living room is floored with solid pine from Dinesen. Kitchen décor performed by Vågane Viste.Save this picture!© Knut FolstadSave this picture!SectionsSave this picture!© Knut FolstadInner walls, wardrobes and kitchen décor are covered with teak plywood. All timber walls have got extra insulation, new historic windows and pinewood planks on the outside. Excellent carpentry work by HøieUeland.Save this picture!© Knut FolstadProject gallerySee allShow lessHope Dental Center: Rwanda Clinic and Training InstituteBuilt Projects & MasterplansKevin Daly Architects and PRODUCTORA to Design the New Houston Endowment Headquarter…Architecture News Share CopyAbout this officeHoem + Folstad ArkitekterOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesInterior DesignResidential InteriorsHouse InteriorsStavangerOn FacebookNorwayPublished on November 07, 2019Cite: “Risbakken Small Town House / Hoem + Folstad Arkitekter” 07 Nov 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodSiding Façade SystemWindowsMitrexSolar WindowMetal PanelsAurubisPatinated Copper: Nordic Green/Blue/Turquoise/SpecialMetal PanelsDri-DesignMetal Panels – CopperIn architectureSikaBuilding Envelope SystemsExterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingMembranesEffisusFaçade Protection – Breather+Metal PanelsPure + FreeFormCustom Metal Cladding – Legacy Fund 1 BuildingWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodWood Fiber Partition Walls – ValchromatDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile FILO 10 Vertical Pivot Door | BrezzaSkylightsFAKROEnergy-efficient roof window FTT ThermoToilets / BidetsBritexToilets – Accessible Centurion PanMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?斯塔万格住宅,焚木、新木与白的结合 / Hoem + Folstad Arkitekter是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

New Chief Executive at NCH

first_img Tagged with: Management Recruitment / people  23 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 New Chief Executive at NCH Clare Tickell is to join children’s charity NCH as Chief Executive.She joins the charity from Stonham Housing Association, one of the largest specialist housing associations in England. Previous roles have included Director of Riverpoint Single Homeless Association and Deputy Director of Centrepoint.On her appointment she expressed her commitment to supporting NCH’s fundraising, in particular its corporate fundraising. “I am very excited at the prospect of working with one of the UK’s premier children’s charities,” she said. “NCH currently receives generous support from a range of companies, including Norwich Union, EDF Energy, Virgin Retail, TK Maxx, Ernst and Young, ABN Amro, Nectar and Daewoo. I see my role as strengthening our partnerships with these organisations. They are fundamental to ensuring that NCH can continue to provide services for children, young people and families in need, for generations to come.” Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 Howard Lake | 26 July 2004 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

While the stock market is booming, jobs report hides hunger

first_imgGetting enough food was hard for people working low-wage jobs before the pandemic. Now it’s harder, given the huge increase in unemployment — 29 million jobless workers now live off meager unemployment insurance. Millions without work are getting nothing, and more than 50 million people are “food insecure,” meaning they lack adequate food to live active, healthy lives.Greater Boston Food Bank protests outside Massachusetts state house, September 2019. A year later, the crisis of hunger is much greater. Credit: Greater Boston Food BankDespite this grim news for the working class, the stock market has boomed to nearly record heights, which gives a false picture of a vibrant economy, as did the report that the U.S. economy added 1.4 million jobs in August.Income loss means hunger spreadsBased on Census Bureau and other government data, the organization Feeding America estimates that as many as 54 million people in the U.S. are food insecure, up from 37 million in 2018. ( It estimates the number of children separately, because in a significant number of families the adults go without food so the kids will get enough to eat. At least 14 million children in the United States are “food insecure.”A Brookings Institute study (July 9) estimates that unemployment is responsible for about 65% of food insecurity. From the pictures displayed when you search Google for images of hunger in the U.S., many of the hungry are Black or Latinx.Before the pandemic swelled the need for food, the U.S. Department of Agriculture had 15 nutrition assistance programs in 2019: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provided food monthly to 35.7 million people; the school lunch program provided lunch every school day to 29.4 million children; and the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC program) provided food assistance to 7.3 million people. ( U.S. government’s $92 billion in 2019 in food assistance was by no means enough. About one out of seven U.S. families uses food banks to supply some of their food. The Houston Food Bank estimated that 1.1 million people in the 17 counties around Houston in its service area were food insecure in 2019. During the pandemic, this grew to 2.45 million people. Private food banks and pantries exist in almost every part of the United States.Some 5,000 Meals on Wheels programs supplied 7 million seniors with hot meals.  Seniors are especially vulnerable to food insecurity. Due to the threat of COVID-19, many seniors are forced to rely on food delivery services, which are expensive and offer limited selections.Report of job gains deceptiveIn the August job numbers, a big part of the job gain was hiring short-term Census workers. The reports of the official unemployment rate falling and the Federal Reserve keeping interest rates low helped to pump up the stock market.This official unemployment rate, known as the U-3 rate, which the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports monthly, often hides real, negative developments in the economy. Nevertheless, it gets all the headlines and attention from politicians. They often use this rate to justify expanding or contracting all sorts of benefits.For August 2020, the U-3 rate was 8.4%, which was a significant improvement from July, when it was 10.2%. The BLS publishes other rates, often ignored in the media, which reveal more about problems with unemployment.For example, if workers have had their hours cut or have stopped looking for a job because they know none are available near where they live, this is excluded from the U-3 rate. The BLS reports an alternate figure that reflects these other kinds of job losses, called the U-6 rate, which currently is 14.2%.The 7 million jobs gained since the spring lockdown ended fell far short of restoring the 22 million jobs that the U.S. economy lost in March and April. And in the last week of August, 880,000 workers filed for state unemployment insurance, and 790,000 filed for the separate federal Pandemic unemployment insurance.Nearly one out of every five of the 160 million workers in the U.S. labor force have been collecting unemployment compensation — that is one out of every five workers! Tens of thousands exhaust benefits every week.The number of these claims and other data on retail sales indicate that the boost to the economy from March’s CARES-1 benefits package — that ended on July 31 — is drying up. This threatens more economic decline and more hunger.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

China: RSF and NGO coalition demand release of citizen-journalist, jailed for life

first_img January 15, 2019 China: RSF and NGO coalition demand release of citizen-journalist, jailed for life June 2, 2021 Find out more News Receive email alerts News RSF_en Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and several human rights organizations demand the immediate release of citizen-journalist Ilham Tohti, who has been held in Chinese custody for five years and sentenced to life imprisonment for “separatism”. News to go further Related documents 2019-01-15 Civil society calls on China to immediately release uyghur professor Ilham Tohti five years after his arrest.pdf PDF – 117.72 KB ChinaAsia – Pacific Condemning abuses ImprisonedCitizen-journalists News Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes March 12, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison China’s Cyber ​​Censorship Figures In a letter published today, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and a coalition of human rights organizations call on Beijing to immediately release Uyghur-born citizen-journalist, Ilham Tohti, 49, a former economics professor in Central University of Nationalities, Beijing.Exactly five years ago, on January 15, 2014, the Chinese authorities closed Uighur Online (Uighurbiz) and arrested its founder Ilham Tohti and other collaborators. A few months later, after a closed trial, the Urumqi District Court (Xinjiang, West) sentenced Tohti to life imprisonment on charges of “separatism”.The collective is made up of the following associations: Amnesty International, ChinaChange, CSW, Free Tibet, Frontline Defenders, Ilham Tohti Initiative, International Campaign for Tibet, International Tibet Network, PEN International, Reporters Without Borders, Scholars at Risk, Society for Threatened Peoples, Taiwan Association for Human Rights, Tibet Initiative Deutschland, Tibet Justice Center, Tibet Watch, Unrepresented, Nations and Peoples Organization, Uyghur Human Rights Project and World Uyghur Congress.China is the largest prison in the world for journalists, with more than 60 of them behind bars. In the 2018 World Press Freedom Index published by RSF, the country stagnates at 176th place out of 180.See the joint letter in full below PHOTO: FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP April 27, 2021 Find out more ChinaAsia – Pacific Condemning abuses ImprisonedCitizen-journalists Follow the news on China Organisation last_img read more

Prisoners Too Are Having Human Rights: Allahabad High Court Directs UP Govt. To Improve Condition Of Basti District Jail

first_imgNews UpdatesPrisoners Too Are Having Human Rights: Allahabad High Court Directs UP Govt. To Improve Condition Of Basti District Jail Sparsh Upadhyay14 Nov 2020 6:28 AMShare This – xPerusing a report filed by Secretary, District Legal Services Authority, Basti pertaining to the inspection of District Jail, Basti, the Allahabad High Court on Wednesday (11th November) directed the State Government to take appropriate and remedial action to improve the condition of the Basti district jail.The Bench of Chief Justice Govind Mathur and Justice Shashi Kant Gupta observed,”On…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginPerusing a report filed by Secretary, District Legal Services Authority, Basti pertaining to the inspection of District Jail, Basti, the Allahabad High Court on Wednesday (11th November) directed the State Government to take appropriate and remedial action to improve the condition of the Basti district jail.The Bench of Chief Justice Govind Mathur and Justice Shashi Kant Gupta observed,”On going through the report, it appears that in District Jail, Basti beside over-lodging of prisoners beyond its capacity several other deficiencies are existing.”BackgroundA report from Vinay Kumar Jaiswal, Secretary, District Legal Services Authority, Basti pertaining to his inspection of District Jail, Basti was received by the Administrative Judge, District Judgeship, Basti.The Administrative Judge forwarded the same to the Chief Justice for necessary action. The Chief Justice, in his administrative functioning, considered it appropriate to place the report before the Bench having roster to hear public interest litigation.The ReportIn the detailed report, the Secretary, District Legal Services Authority, Basti noticed lack of hygiene, cleanliness, medical facility, infrastructural issues and the issues relating to vocational training.It was also stated that the parole applications submitted by the inmates too, take much time in their disposal. No library facility is available at the prison and no material is made available for executing literacy and education programs.It was also submitted that one teacher is certainly posted there, but he is not usually attending the prison. Most of the CCTV cameras are also non-functional.As per the averments contained in the report, the prisoners suffering from corona virus infection are kept in a separate building, but no coronavirus protocol is adhered to within the Jail premisesCourt’s ObservationsThe Court, in its order, stated,”Suffice to state that in globally accepted criminal jurisprudence, the doctrine of deterrent punishment is leaving space for reformative theory. In our country, we have accepted a mixed formula, i.e., of deterrent punishment and reformation of criminal in prisons which are nowadays known as reformatories.”The Court further opined,”It is also well settled that the prisoners too are having human-rights and whatever requirements noticed in the report are nothing, but essential ingredients to ensure application of the rights aforesaid.”In view of it, the Court called upon the State to respond to the report and also to take all necessary steps to satisfy the deficiencies so pointed out. The Court ordered that the appropriate and remedial actions be taken forthwith.The petition for writ has been directed to be listed on 25th November, 2020 as a fresh case.Notably, the Delhi High Court on Monday (09th November) directed the Principal District & Sessions Judge (HQs.) to depute a Judicial Officer to visit a detention centre located in Delhi and inspect the same with respect to the conditions prevailing there.Case title – In re : Reference to the condition of District Jail, Basti.Click here to download the OrderNext Storylast_img read more

Jubilee boosts supermarket trading

first_imgSupermarket sales during the week of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee celebrations increased by 12.5% year-on-year.According to the latest data from global information and insights firm Nielsen, the seven-day period ending 2 June continued to drive up profits at the UK’s largest supermarket firms. Sales in the previous week, ending 26 May, had also risen by 5.7%.Mike Watkins, senior manager for retailer services at Nielsen, said: “Overall, May was a month of better momentum across food retailing, with the major supermarkets issuing a deluge of cash savings and discounts, actively encouraging shoppers to visit and spend. This has been a familiar pattern over the past six months. “Promotional spend remains at 35% of overall basket sales at the grocery multiples and we anticipate a continuation of these trends for the next three months.”Sainsbury’s was the latest supermarket retailer to reveal a boost from the Jubilee with an increase of 1.4% in its first-quarter like-for-like sales (LFLs).Asda predicted shoppers would double their spend in supermarkets compared to last year’s Royal Wedding celebrations. The Walmart-owned supermarket chain expected to sell 175,000 doughnuts, 2.8 million Victoria sponges – up 52% on last year – and a 300% increase in sales of Melton Mowbray pork pies.Tesco has yet to unveil its performance during the royal celebrations, but reported a 1.4% drop in UK LFL sales earlier this week, for its first-quarter period ended 26 May.Waitrose achieved its highest week of trading, excluding Christmas and Easter, over the Jubilee weekend, with a 19.8% rise in sales on last year and a total turnover of £123m for the week ending 2 June. Sales of Melton Mowbray Pork Pies, sausage rolls and Scotch eggs were up 76% each, while sales of tubes of red, white and blue icing grew a staggering 637%.last_img read more

A way forward on climate

first_imgHeadlines focus on international agreements, sea levels, melting ice, and superstorms, but climate change is most of all an energy problem. Burning fossil fuels to power our cars and heat our homes produces carbon dioxide that transforms the atmosphere into a greenhouse, trapping heat that otherwise would radiate into space.While the fundamentals are solid, everything else about climate change is evolving. Climate science is advancing and economic pressures have dramatically altered the national fuel mix — for the better, most agree, though we still have miles to go. Even the political landscape that determines national climate action — or inaction — is in flux. Michael McElroy, Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental Studies, has long helped explain the complexities of climate to students, scholars, and government leaders. His most recent book, “Energy and Climate: Vision for the Future,” published in August by Oxford University Press, is a continuation of that work. He discussed the book in a recent interview with the Gazette. GAZETTE: In “Energy and Climate,” you talk about the U.S. energy picture being transformed over the last five years in ways that may make needed changes regarding climate tougher to accomplish. How has the U.S. energy scene changed into the one we’re in now?McELROY: The big change is that we no longer have the previous driving concern about national energy security. What has made the difference was the shale revolution. Ten years ago we were projecting that the U.S. would not only be dependent on imports for oil but also for natural gas. We now have a surplus of both. The U.S. is presently a net exporter of petroleum products. Prices for both natural gas and oil have plummeted. I had a student who wrote a beautiful senior thesis four or five years ago, in which he tried to analyze the break-even price for production of natural gas from shale. His conclusion was it would be about $5 per million BTU at a time when natural gas prices — wholesale prices — were $7, $8, $9. Now they’re below $3. So it’s a different world. Oil prices were $168 a barrel in 2008 just before the economic crisis. They are now below $50.The U.S. also has abundant sources of coal. Were it not for the climate issue, we could contemplate taking advantage of this resource also, doing so as efficiently as possible to eliminate conventional sources of pollution such as sulfur and nitrogen oxides and particulates. Emissions of CO2 could go through the roof under these scenarios. There is no cost-effective means to capture CO2. Concerning the potentially expanded emphasis [that] coal — not to mention oil and natural gas — could have on our energy system, this would be a disaster for climate. Bottom line is that we can no longer rely on policies that could be adopted to address concerns about energy security, looking to climate policy as a silent secondary beneficiary. We must now confront the climate issue directly. Clearly many in the body politic are reluctant to do so.GAZETTE: And the electricity supply has gotten cleaner, hasn’t it? But not because of climate change efforts?McELROY: Not because of climate change, but for economic reasons, largely. If you’re a utility and you’re able to vary the mix of generation options you can tap to produce electricity, your primary choice is likely to be between coal and natural gas. Old coal-fired power plants are very inefficient compared to new gas-fired power plants. The efficiency to turn the energy of coal into electricity in some of the older plants is as low as 20 percent. If you’re just worrying about efficiency, if you have the opportunity to turn off that inefficient coal plant and switch to a gas system and additionally save money [since gas is cheaper than coal], you’re going to do it. The choice is economically driven and the consumers are actually benefiting.GAZETTE: In your vision for the future, you emphasize that more electricity usage could be part of the solution. Clearly, electricity is already a big part of our energy picture; why should it be even larger?McELROY: Dealing with CO2 emissions from the transportation sector is extremely difficult if the transportation sector is fueled with liquid fossil fuels. You can’t capture CO2 from the tailpipe of every vehicle on the road — 260 million cars in the U.S. At the same time, there’s another a good reason to want to use electricity more in this application. If you drive your car with gasoline, the fraction of the energy in the gasoline that turns the wheels of your car may be as low as about 20 percent. If you drive your car with electricity, the fraction of electricity that turns the wheels could be as high as 95 percent. So, on an efficiency basis, electricity is better. As I discussed in the book, if I had to pay the retail price for electricity here in Cambridge, 19.8 cents a kilowatt hour when I was writing the relevant chapter, the equivalent gasoline price would be as low as $1.46 a gallon, as low as 67 cents a gallon in Washington state where electricity prices average about 9 cents per kilowatt-hour. So on a cost basis, it’s a good thing to do. Then, in addition, air quality would improve if we switched to driving electrically, so long as the electricity was produced from a nonpolluting source. The climate issue would be the obvious beneficiary.GAZETTE: You go chapter by chapter on possible fuels, and settle on wind and solar as the cleanest and most likely sources to power a future clean electricity grid. What are their drawbacks and can those be addressed?McELROY: The economics of wind in the United States is actually quite favorable. You can produce electricity for about 5 cents a kilowatt-hour with wind at present. So it’s competitive. The really serious drawback is that the wind is strongest in winter and our demand for electricity is highest in summer. The wind is also generally stronger at night than it is during the day and our big demand is during the day. And wind doesn’t blow all the time. So we need to find some way to deal with that particular issue.There are a number of possible strategies. You could integrate the electrical system over a large part of the country — so if wind is blowing in one place and not in another, by combining outputs you could reduce the net variability. If you had the opportunity to store electricity, that could minimize the problem also. So putting an emphasis on storage systems is a good thing to do. There’s important work going on here at Harvard by Mike Aziz and Roy Gordon on the flow battery idea. It’s something that might actually scale up as a utility scale opportunity to store electricity.I am enthusiastic also about the idea of taking advantage of the distributed storage available potentially in the batteries of large numbers of electrically propelled vehicles. I discuss this idea at some length in the book. You could imagine charging your car at night when prices of electricity are low and then selling power back to the grid during the day when prices are high, assuming you don’t need to drive at that time. This could represent a win-win strategy.You would still have the issue of summer demand for electricity when wind conditions will be less favorable. That’s where solar comes in. Solar, however, to this point, is still more expensive than wind. Despite this, solar is doing quite well in the U.S. We have a house on Cape Cod and five years ago or so we installed PV cells on the roof. We did this by making a deal with a particular company, Solar City, one in which they actually own the solar cells. They sized the solar cells to meet our projected historical annual demand for electricity. They gave us a deal where we have a fixed price for electricity for 20 years at half of what we were paying previously. How do they manage to do that? Turns out the retail cost for electricity on Cape Cod is very high. It’s very high because the delivery cost is high. The retail price is about 26 cents a kilowatt-hour, more than half of which is for delivery. So they’re giving us a deal at 13 cents per kilowatt-hour.There are requirements in almost all of the states now that some fraction of the electricity has to be renewable. If the utilities are not able to meet that requirement from their own resources, which generally they’re not, then they have to buy it. So the Solar Cities of the world are auctioning their renewable energy for incorporation in the grid. If New England Electric is looking for a certain amount of electricity from a renewable source, then Solar City can supply this by packaging sources from large numbers of houses under their control.The other thing that’s happening in the U.S. is that meters in many states are allowed to run in reverse. We’re not typically present on Cape Cod in winter. The sun is still shining most of the time and the house continues to produce electricity. Solar City is selling this electricity to the grid at the retail price. Our meter is running in reverse. So, for a lot of reasons, solar has done very well.GAZETTE: You say that one of the top priorities for this country should be upgrading the transmission grid. I think a lot of people, when thinking about climate change, think wind farm, solar farm, but not transmission grid. Why do we need that?McELROY: Think of the role played more than 100 years ago by Thomas Alva Edison. Edison was an incredible inventor. He was also a very smart guy and he built the first electricity-generating system in Manhattan. Then Westinghouse came along and suddenly we began to see electricity generated in central facilities and distributed more widely to local customers. We’ve built our electrical system in a piecemeal way. We didn’t say, “What’s the best national electricity system?” If we had done that, we would have had an interconnected national electricity system.The U.S. has three electricity systems: East Coast grid, West Coast grid, and Texas. It’s very difficult to move electricity across those boundaries. At a minimum, we should invest to interconnect the boundaries. That’s a no-brainer and it would not be very expensive. I like to think about being able to move electricity efficiently over several thousand miles, coast to coast, border to border. We have wonderful wind resources in the middle of the country. The key location to produce electricity from the sun is in the southwest, where we have great solar conditions. The ideal would be to bring both those sources to where the markets are, on the East Coast and West Coast and in major cities like Chicago. But if you’re going to serve those markets you have to be able to deliver.In addition, the demand for electricity peaks in the morning and peaks in the evening: when people get up and when they come back from work. If we had a system that was interconnected from California to Massachusetts, at a minimum we’d take advantage of the three-hour time shift to smooth out the peaks in demand.What are the obstacles? The obstacles are largely political — the fact that you have to bring power across state boundaries, and you may have to go across individuals’ property. The federal government has the authority to overrule objections if it’s declared to be in the national interest or if it’s in effect a matter of national security. That’s largely why we have a reasonably efficient natural gas distribution system. It could be done for electricity also if we had the will to do it.If you really make a commitment to developing this electrical infrastructure, you’re going to have to employ lots of people. So this would be good for the economy. My vision would be one in which we invest in community colleges that train people for those jobs. These are going to be good-paying jobs that can’t be exported.last_img read more

A Celebration of the Life of Daniel James McClung Benefit Will Play 54 Below

first_img In addition to O’Malley, Murney and Barber (Wicked), the benefit will include performances from The Skivvies (Lauren Molina and Nick Cearley), Chelsea Packard, Jason Michael Snow, Tamika Sonja Lawrence, Dana Steingold, Joelle Lurie and Michael Zahler. The evening will feature the music of Judy Garland and Ella Fitzgerald, re-imagined. View Comments McClung passed away on January 5 after a fire broke out in the Strand Condominium. He was 27 years old. His husband, Michael Cohen, suffered smoke inhalation while attempting to escape. McClung’s plays include Inamorato, Flimsy Things and The Paper Nautilus, which were workshopped with Rattlestick Playwrights Theater, PS 122 and AliveWire Theatrics. To learn more about the memorial scholarship fund, and to make a donation, visit Rory O’Malley, Julia Murney, Jenni Barber and more will perform at 54 Below to pay tribute to the late playwright Daniel James McClung, who passed away earlier this year in a high-rise fire at the Strand apartment building in Manhattan. Always For Daniel: A Celebration of the Life of Daniel James McClung will take place on June 2. Proceeds from the benefit will go to Muhlenberg College Theatre and Dance, McClung’s alma mater, where a scholarship will be established in his name.last_img read more